The most dangerous city in the country is Houston, according to a new report from the Washington Post and the University of Houston.
The study looked at a dozen of the country’s most dangerous cities, including cities with high crime rates, high unemployment, low life expectancy and high levels of poverty.
It found that Houston was ranked fifth worst on each of those measures, behind San Francisco, Baltimore, Detroit and Minneapolis.
The ranking comes on the heels of a study last month by the Urban Institute that found Houston was the most dangerous U.S. city, with more than 5,000 homicides, nearly 30,000 rapes and more than 2,000 assaults per 100,000 people.
A spokeswoman for the Houston police department told the Associated Press that the city has had no complaints about officers.
“There’s no indication of an uptick in violence, nor does anyone know of any specific threats against officers,” she said.
However, the study’s authors wrote that “this number is not based on a single event.
Rather, it is a snapshot of our cities and their impacts on our communities.”
The Post and university researchers used data from the Uniform Crime Report and the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
They looked at crime in each of the cities from 2014 to 2019, and compared it to the same time period in the previous decade.
“There are two ways to look at this,” David Schanzer, one of the authors of the report, told the AP.
“The first is to compare the number of homicides and rapes in a given year with the same year in the preceding decade, which is the approach that we’ve taken.
The second is to look for trends in violence that occur across the cities.
One key finding is that Houston is not just a place where violent crime has surged in the last five years, but that the violent crime rate has also risen significantly over that time period.”
The study noted that Houston’s crime rate increased by more than 30 percent in the 10 years after the study was conducted.
But Schanster said there was evidence that the uptick may have been due to a shift in the city’s police force.
The city has a population of just under 2 million, and police are now stationed in more than half of the city.
“If you take away the police force, that crime level goes up dramatically,” he said.
“If you leave out the police, then the crime level stays flat.”
The researchers said that while there were a lot of other factors at play, including the rise in the number and number of guns, they did not find evidence that gun control had contributed to the increase in crime.
“What we found is that the increase has occurred not because of guns or the lack of them, but rather, because of other things that happened,” Schanzel said.
Houston is the second most dangerous major city in Texas behind San Antonio.
Read more about crime in Houston: Houston police chief resigns over ‘crisis’ in police departmentThis article originally appeared on New Scientist