The United States and its allies are planning to meet for the first time in more than a decade on the eve of a crucial deadline to reach the ambitious international treaty they negotiated more than two decades ago.
The new meeting, set for Nov. 11-12 in New York, is expected to take place amid rising tension in the Middle East over the region’s growing refugee crisis.
U.S. President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, have vowed to strike a peace deal with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) group, which controls large swaths of Syria and Iraq, before their meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan, is scheduled to end.
But the two leaders have had their differences.
In November, Trump told reporters he wanted to meet with Putin on Nov. 16 to discuss the possibility of a political solution to the crisis.
Trump and Putin have also sparred over the conflict in Syria, with the U.S.-led coalition fighting the Islamic state and Russian airstrikes killing thousands of civilians.
Trump has suggested he will back the Russian military action in Syria and has said that he would not withdraw U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley, who has been urging the United States to do more.
The United Nations has been negotiating an international cease-fire for months.
While the meeting has been overshadowed by the war in Syria on the one hand and tensions in the region, the issue of how to move forward on a global accord has been a major theme of Trump’s recent foreign policy speeches and public statements.
The United States has already signed the treaty, and a draft agreement has been circulated among world leaders, including Trump and Putin, and was presented at the United Nations Security Council on Tuesday.
Trump, who is in his third term in office, has repeatedly touted the treaty as a major achievement, even going so far as to compare it to the Kyoto Protocol of the 1970s.
The agreement calls for all nations to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, and it would cover all of humanity by 2030, and has been endorsed by nearly all major industrialized nations.
It would create an emissions-trading market, allow for a global carbon-reduction program, and help countries achieve global financial and environmental commitments.
The treaty is a centerpiece of Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin’s vision for the world.
The two men met twice this year to discuss a potential breakthrough, but there have been no talks since the Russian president took office in March.
The meeting with Trump and the two presidents will be Trump’s first face-to-face meeting with a world leader since the start of his administration, when he and Xi Jinping held their first face to face meeting in Hamburg, Germany.
Trump has criticized the two countries’ trade and economic ties, which have fallen apart under his presidency.
The U.K. and France have also made plans for the summit, and U.A.E. leaders said they had sent envoys to New York.
A spokesman for the European Union, which is trying to broker a global climate accord, said the leaders had agreed to hold the summit to “celebrate a major milestone in the fight against climate change.”